What happens after the Court gives its judgment ?

Execution and impacts of judgments

The Court’s judgments are binding: when it finds a violation, the country in question is obliged to execute the judgment taking measures to ensure that a similar violation cannot take place and to erase the consequences for the victim. The Court may also order the state to pay the applicant a sum of money as “just satisfaction”, in that the money in question serves as compensation. Other specific measures may also be necessary, such as releasing the applicant if he or she is being detained, reestablishing contacts with the applicant’s child, granting him or her a resident’s permit, etc.

It is the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe which is responsible for monitoring application of the Court’s judgments: it helps states identify the necessary measures and find solutions when the adoption of certain measures comes up against problems. In addition, it assesses the effectiveness of the measures taken for the applicant and for any other persons who might find themselves in the same situation.