The European Convention on Human Rights is an international treaty adopted in 1950 and in force since 1953. It is the first convention to be adopted by the Council of Europe, which pursues the aim of upholding human rights. States must ratify this convention before they can join the Council.
The Convention has evolved since 1950 and has also been a source of inspiration for many other conventions drawn up by the Council of Europe. It consists of a number of articles, supplemented over the years by protocols which have added new rights to it. The case-law of the Court set up under the Convention has made it a living instrument, capable of adapting to changing situations in our societies.
By taking the European Convention on Human Rights on board, the governments of the European States belonging to the Council of Europe are working to achieve peace and greater unity founded on respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Through this Convention, they are striving to implement the rights proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Below is a simplified list of selected rights set forth in the European Convention on Human Rights.
- Right to life
- Prohibition of torture
- Prohibition of slavery and servitude
- Right to liberty and security
- Right to a fair and just trial
- Any punishment must be founded in law
- Right to respect for private and family life
- Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
- Freedom of expression
- Freedom of assembly and association
- Right to marriage
- Prohibition of discrimination
- Right to property
- Right to education
- Right to free elections
- Freedom of movement
How to uphold your rights?
The documents below are non-official translations of the Convention in the different languages of the Member States