Prohibition of discrimination

Article 14: The enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Convention shall be secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race, colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin.

Article 1 of Protocol no. 12 – General prohibition of discrimination: No one shall be discriminated against by any public authority on grounds such as skin colour, gender, language, political or religious beliefs or their origins.

The prohibition of discrimination is essential to human rights protection. It is closely linked to the principle of equality, which holds that all humans are born and remain free and equal in terms of law and dignity.

Protocol no. 12 to the Convention (general prohibition of discrimination), in force since April 2005, also affords protection against discrimination.  

The prohibition of discrimination is a recurring feature of all international human rights protection instruments.

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