Prohibition of torture

Article 3: No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 3 of the Convention prohibits torture or inhuman or degrading treatment in all circumstances.

The States also have an obligation to introduce prevention machinery, such as criminal legislation punishing treatment contrary to article 3, and to carry out in-depth investigations into any allegation of torture or ill-treatment.

The protection of people against torture is a universally recognised principle which is undisputed in international law; there are also special conventions in this area, both within the Council of Europe (such as the European Convention for the prevention of torture or the Convention on action against trafficking in human beings) and the United Nations.

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