Right to a fair and just trial

Article 6: Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal. Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law.

Article 6 of the Convention provides a means of checking that a trial took place in proper conditions. The States are also under obligation to inform an accused person, swiftly and in a language which they understand, of the nature and grounds of the charges laid against them. The accused person, who may defend their case alone or be assisted by a legal counsel of their choosing, must have the time and facilities required to prepare their defence and be allowed to question or have questioned witnesses for the accusation and the defence. They are also entitled to the assistance of an interpreter free of charge if they do not understand the language used at the hearing.

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